Probiotics are live, beneficial bacteria that actually provide health benefits when consumed in adequate amounts. These beneficial bacteria play an important role in a few tasks, such as:
- Keeping harmful bacteria under control.
- Helps digest and absorb nutrients – at the same time producing certain vitamins,
e.g. Vitamin B-12.
- Supports the intestinal immune system by keeping gut cells healthy.
- Protects against harmful effects of infectious organisms that enter the gut.
- Helps reduce the effects of harmful toxins and cancer-causing substances that may be produced in the intestines.
Pre-biotics on the other hand, are non-digestible carbohydrates (some dietary fibre) that help the good/beneficial bacteria grow, flourish and stay healthy.
Some of the foods that contain probiotics include yoghurt, cultured milk drinks, and fermented foods.